If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags. At the same time, support for Indonesia's Islamic parties fell to about 20% from 38%. History; Miscellaneous; People; Places; Science; Sports; Home Places 17 Interesting Facts About Bali, Indonesia. To learn more, click on the seal or go to www.kidsafeseal.com. Fifteen terror suspects were arrested. Sukarno was named president for life in 1966. Bahasa Indonesia is a form of Malay, and it is the country’s official language. Internet hosts: 1.344 million (2012). It was the fourth major earthquake to strike the country in 19 months. Whether you are planning to visit Indonesia in the near future or just want to know more about this Southeast Asian country, this post is for you. Tokyo was primarily interested in Indonesia's oil, which was vital to the war effort, and tolerated fledgling nationalists such as Sukarno and Mohammed Hatta. Flying from one end to the other, from North Sumatra to West […] A nightmare In Indonesia’s history In Indonesia’s history, April 17 is remembered as a nightmare. Indonesia is the world’s largest producer of palm oil, contributing about half the world’s supply.. Facts about Indonesian culture, traditions, and religion. 7. On 18 April 1815, the Tambora volcano exploded with a blast.Situated on the island of Sumbawa, the volcano was calm for hundreds of years, but on April 5 it began to vibrate suddenly, and on April 17, it … ):253,609,643 (growth rate: 0.95%); birth rate: 17.04/1000; infant mortality rate: 25.16/1000; life expectancy: 72.17, Capital and largest city (2011 est. Ports and terminals: Banjarmasin, Belawan, Kotabaru, Krueg Geukueh, Palembang, Panjang, Sungai Pakning, Tanjung Perak, Tanjung Priok. Geography of Indonesia. As the economic crisis deepened, student demonstrators occupied the national parliament, demanding Suharto's ouster. Modern humans were present in the region at least 60,000 years ago and perhaps earlier. The religious influences of Buddhism and Hinduism arrived with the Srivajay kingdom. Agriculture: rice, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, rubber, cocoa, coffee, palm oil, copra; poultry, beef, pork, eggs. Jakarta, pop. Read about the capital city Jakarta, the many volcanoes, its population, islands, borders, cuisine, popular sports and much more. At 3,726 m, Rinjani is the second highest volcano in Indonesia, second only to Mount Kerinci on Sumatra, and it dominates the landscape of the relatively small island of Lombok. Fact … Indonesia consists of five main islands in a group of more than 17 000. After Napoléon subjugated the Netherlands in 1811, the British seized the islands but returned them to the Dutch in 1816. Fun Facts About Indonesia. The thing is, the historical buildings in Indonesia are pretty well maintained.So, if you curious, these are the places you can visit: 1. With 17,508 officially listed islands, according to the Indonesian Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs, Indonesia is the largest island country in the world. Palm fruits. There have been found fossilised remains of about one million years ago. Borobudur Temple. When it was completed in 1962 to host the Asian Games it’s original capacity was 120,800 people, which would have made it the second largest today. Indonesia has a long history in developing military and small commuter aircraft as the only country in Southeast Asia to build and produce aircraft. Unlike East Timor, there is little international support for an independent Irian Jaya. About 130,000 were left homeless. Unlike the rest of Indonesia, which had been a Dutch colony, East Timor was governed by the Portuguese for 400 years, and while 90% of Indonesians are Muslim, the East Timorese are primarily Catholic. Within its huge 50 km² caldera sits the crater lake Segara Anak (Child of the Sea). The religious influences of Buddhism and Hinduism arrived with the Srivajay kingdom. 17 Interesting Facts About Bali, Indonesia. Gunung Agung on the busy island of … Suharto took over the reins of government and gradually eased Sukarno out of office, completing his consolidation of power in 1967. First place went to Indonesia’s rendang (a slow-cooked spicy beef dish), and second place also went to Indonesia, nasi goreng (fried rice). Still, though, prices for kopi luwak have reached as high as $700 per kg! There are some interesting facts about Indonesia related to the history of Indonesia: The capital, Jakarta was formerly known as Batavia when Dutch had colonized the country. There are over 300 local languages in Indonesia. We’ve got travel destination guides, facts and trivia articles, an impressive tourism glossary, cultural insight, language learning, posts about history and education, a tourism and hospitality industry glossary, and even more! 2,500,000... Government. By the 14th century, eastern Java saw the rise of the Hindu Kingdom Majapahit. 2,500,000 Bandung, pop. Wallace's line, a zoological demarcation between Asian and Australian flora and fauna, divides Indonesia. Food and Recipes: Although there are many restaurants along the streets, eating while standing or walking on the street is inappropriate. Life has been around for about two million years ago here. Austronesian people, who form the majority of the modern population, came to South East Asia from Taiwan. Islam arrived in the 13th century, and Java and Sumatra became powerful sultanates, while other islands continu… With its state-owned company, the Indonesian Aerospace (PT. In the beginning. So many things I didn't get to mention or elaborate on, but in a nutshell, Indonesia is basically the "Kingpin" of Southeast Asia. Less than 6000 of the islands are inhabited. This is from the evidence of fossils found in Surakarta and Sangiran of the Java Man, ‘Homo Erectus’. Sukarno, Indonesia's founding president ANCIENT TIMES. History - History - National Symbols - Expanded History - Events and Holidays - Timeline; Photos - Video - Photos - Video - Videos; Travel - Travel - Travel Maps ... Indonesia Facts. 11. Before Indonesia was colonized by Netherlands and Japan for almost three centuries or up above 350 years, the history of red white flag began in Kingdom Singosari white. A separatist movement developed at once. Well, that’s all our Indonesia facts for now, and we hope you’ve found this post interesting and informative! Are you interested in learning some facts about Indonesia? Facts about Indonesian Wildlife. When it was completed in 1962 to host the Asian Games it’s original capacity was 120,800 people, which would have made it the second largest today. Many great monuments were left by these dynasties. Read about the capital city Jakarta, the many volcanoes, its population, islands, borders, cuisine, popular sports and much more. Major trading partners: Japan, U.S., Singapore, South Korea, China, Malaysia, India (2012). Indonesia’s kopi luwak is the most expensive coffee in the world, and made from poop! International disputes: Indonesia has a stated foreign policy objective of establishing stable fixed land and maritime boundaries with all of its neighbors; three stretches of land borders with Timor-Leste have yet to be delimited, two of which are in the Oecussi exclave area, and no maritime or Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) boundaries have been established between the countries; many refugees from Timor-Leste who left in 2003 still reside in Indonesia and refuse repatriation; all borders between Indonesia and Australia have been agreed upon bilaterally, but a 1997 treaty that would settle the last of their maritime and EEZ boundary has yet to be ratified by Indonesia's legislature; Indonesian groups challenge Australia's claim to Ashmore Reef; Australia has closed parts of the Ashmore and Cartier Reserve to Indonesian traditional fishing and placed restrictions on certain catches ; land and maritime negotiations with Malaysia are ongoing, and disputed areas include the controversial Tanjung Datu and Camar Wulan border area in Borneo and the maritime boundary in the Ambalat oil block in the Celebes Sea; Indonesia and Singapore continue to work on finalizaing their 1973 maritime boundary agreement by defining unresolved areas north of Indonesia's Batam Island; Indonesian secessionists, squatters, and illegal migrants create repatriation problems for Papua New Guinea; maritime delimitation talks continue with Palau; EEZ negotiations with Vietnam are ongoing, and the two countries in Fall 2011 agreed to work together to reduce illegal fishing along their maritime boundary. Over 87% of Indonesians are Muslim. Infoplease has everything you need to know about Indonesia. Waterways: 21,579 km (2011). Indonesia is home to diverse ethnic and social groups, ranging from rural villagers to modern urban elites. Indonesia is huge Indonesia is a massive country. Christian Eilers is a travel and career advice writer who constantly loves to learn about the world through traveling, cultural stories, reading, and education. Hence, the Portuguese seized the Moluccas, the chief spice-producing region. 42. Transportation: Railways: total: 5,042 km (2011). Indonesia is made up of over 17,000 islands. Indonesia is the world’s largest country comprised solely of islands, a fact that puts the delicate islands constantly at risk of earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, floods and tsunamis. The history of Indonesia can be marked as the dawn of mankind since it is where the remains of the early man were unearthed. , small states that were deeply influenced by Indian civilization began to develop in Southeast Asia, primarily at estuaries of major rivers. Real growth rate:5.35%. Megawati's PDI-P Party fared poorly in April 2004 elections, placing second behind the Golkar Party of former president Suharto. Austronesian people, who form the majority of the modern population, came to South East Asia from Taiwan. “Srivijaya” is considered the first of the known Indonesian kingdoms,lasting until about 1400 A.D. 2. 70’s Indonesian Music. With a population of 264 million, Indonesia is known for being the 4th most populated country in the … They arrived in Indonesia around 2,000 BC and quickly spread throughout the archipelago, pushing the indigenous Melanesian people to the far eastern regions. Indonesia is officially called the Republic of Indonesia. One indigenous flower, Rafflesia arnoldii, is the largest flower in the world. That charge was overturned in Dec. 2006. With these 60 interesting facts about Indonesia, let’s learn more about its history, economy, geography, people, and culture. For more information on our use of cookies and usage policies, please visit our PRIVACY POLICY. Weeks later, police shot and killed Dulmatin, the alleged mastermind of the 2002 Bali bombings. Do you have any questions, feedback, or other facts about Indonesia we should include on our list? Hone your math skills with our flashcards! June 7, 1999, marked Indonesia's first free parliamentary election since 1955. Furthermore, due to Indonesia’s geography, natural disasters are a much more costly threat than in other nations, and they disproportionally affect poor people. By Tim Lambert. The first people in Indonesia arrived about 40,000 years ago when sea level was lower and it was joined to Asia by a land bridge. #10: Time Zones. Indonesia is an exceptionally interesting country, due to its size, ethnic diversity and rich history. The current nation of Indonesia is a unitary presidential republic consisting of thirty three provinces. Actually, before the Majapahit, the Kingdom of Kediri was wearing a red and white pennants. A native of New York City, when he is not traveling, he can find an abundance of cultural influences right in his own city, enough to keep him satisfied until the next country's beckon cannot be ignored any longer. Here’s our roundup of the most interesting Indonesia facts: 1. Land area: 699,548 sq mi (1,811,831 sq km); total area: 741,096 sq mi (1,919,440 sq km), Population (2014 est. No matter how old or independent they are, Indonesians tend to … Indonesia is full of amazing sights. East Timor achieved independence on May 20, 2002. Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia, is a country in Southeast Asia. Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, Indonesia. The discovery of the remains of 'Java Man' suggests that Indonesia was inhabited by early humans as early as 1.5 million years ago, but little evidence remains of early tribal civilisations. In 2003, Amrozi bin Nurhasyim and Imam Samudra, members of Jemaah Islamiyah, an Islamic terrorist group linked to al-Qaeda, were sentenced to death for their roles in the bombing. In parliamentary elections on April 9, 2009, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono's Democratic Party increased its share of the vote total from elections held in 2004. There is also a Bali Museum at Denpassar, and there are several regional historical museums throughout the provinces. The GDP of Indonesia is $861.9 billion. Indonesia has a rich and fascinating history. He was blamed for not stopping ethnic clashes and killings in Aceh, Irian Jaya, the Moluccas Islands, and especially in Borneo, where the Dayak people turned against Madurese immigrants, slaughtering hundreds. With around 270 million people (2020 estimate), Indonesia comes just behind the United States as far as inhabitants. Some key dates in Indonesia's history: 1670-1900 - Dutch colonists bring the whole of Indonesia under one government as the Dutch East Indies. They can reach a length of 10 feet (3 m) and a weight of up to 150 lbs (70 kg). On Dec. 26, 2004, a magnitude 9.0 earthquake, whose epicenter was off the west coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra, caused a tremendously powerful tsunami in the Indian Ocean that devastated 12 Asian countries. 2. There are generally two distinct seasons, the dry season (May – October) and the wet season (November – April). Indonesia has the most mammals in the world (515 species) and is inhabited by 1,539 bird species. Indonesia was the heaviest hit, with more than 150,000 casualties. A SHORT HISTORY OF INDONESIA. Because Indonesia lies directly across the equator, there isn’t such a fluctuation between hot and cold. Indonesia Overview: History. The Dutch United East India Company established posts on the island of Java, in an effort to control the spice trade. Allied troops, mostly British Indian forces, fought nationalist militias to reassert the prewar status quo until the arrival of Dutch troops. Indonesia Main Page : Indonesia's History and Background. Under Suharto the military assumed an overarching role in national affairs, and relations with the West were enhanced. Dauntless Jaunter started as a world travel blog, but we strive to offer much more than just travel stories. Exports: $178.9 billion (2013 est. Airports: 673 (2013). A Buddhist kingdom called Srivijaya grew on Sumatra from the seventh to the 14th century, and at its peak, it spread from West Java to the Malay Peninsula. Looking for Indonesia facts? 9,608,000 Surabaya, pop. The majority of Indonesia’s modern population is made up of Austronesian people , who originally migrated to South East Asia from Taiwan. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Indonesia's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. © 2010–2020 Dauntless Jaunter & Pardeaplex, 10+ Indonesia Facts: Interesting Trivia On Culture, History, Food & More, Explore • Educate • Experience • Enlighten, Stories: Legends, Mythology, Tales & More, What We Can Learn From an Indonesian Ethnicity That Recognizes Five Genders, What is the Hottest Pepper in the World? However by 700 BCE the Indonesians had learned to make bronze an… Rioting and violence shook the provinces of Aceh, Ambon (in the Moluccas), Borneo, and Irian Jaya. If you want to learn about the food, culture, people, history, or other facts about Indonesia, this article is for you! From the 8th through the 10th century ce, extensive temple complexes (candi) were built in central Java. Banks failed and the value of Indonesia's currency, the rupiah, plummeted. 3. The Portuguese arrived in Indonesia in the early 16thcentury, mainly for spices. In July, retired general Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono placed first in the country's inaugural direct presidential elections, but he did not garner enough votes to win outright. Indonesia's economy improved dramatically and national elections were permitted, although the opposition was so tightly controlled as to virtually choke off dissent. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Prehistory: Archaeological evidence indicates that ancestors of modern humans occupied sites in Central and East Java as early as 1.9 million years ago; presumably, these hominids were widely distributed in other areas. Indonesia is one of the most diverse countries in the world. Before the plane lost contact, one of the pilots contacted air traffic control and asked to fly at a higher altitude due to bad weather. ): machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs. Suharto died on January 27, 2008, after spending most of the month in the hospital for heart, lung, and kidney ailments. Indonesia History, Language and Culture History of Indonesia. He was never criminally charged for embezzlement or for the deaths of approximately 500,000 people who died in the purge of suspected Communists in the late 1960s. The missed opportunities refer to the fact that despite its rich natural resources and great variety of cultural traditions, the Indonesian economy has been underperforming for large periods of its history. A party or coalition must have 25% of the popular vote or 20% of the seats in Parliament to nominate its chosen candidate. Educate, entertain, and engage with Factmonster. Authorities arrested Bashir in April 2004—on the same day he was set to be released from prison—claiming they had new evidence that proved he is in fact the leader of Jemaah Islamiyah and that he approved the Bali bombing. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags. The country has a population of over 263 million, making it one of the world's most populous countries. ), National Holiday: Independence Day, August 17. Amrozi bin Nurhasyim, Imam Samudra, and Mukhlas, also known as Ali Ghufron, were executed by firing squad in November 2008 for their role in the 2002 bombing at a nightclub in Bali that killed 202 people, mostly tourists. Not only coming of age tradition in Indonesia’s culture but also other celebrations. Jakarta, Indonesia’s capital, is the most Instagrammed place on Earth. 8. Let us know below in the comments, and thanks for reading! Indonesia's History and Background. Twice rescheduled because of violence, a UN-organized referendum took place on Aug. 30, 1999, with 78.5% of the population voting to secede from Indonesia. Geography 1. Nasi Tumpeng originally comes from Indonesia and is commonly found in some Indonesian rituals. The crash followed the disappearance of Malaysia Airlinesb. Indonesia did not exist as yet during the Palaeocene period (70 million years BC), the Eocene period (30 million years BC), the Oligacene period (25 million years BC) and the Miocene period (12 million years BC). It is nestled between the Indian and Pacific Oceans and connects the Australian and Asian Continents. If you want to learn about the food, culture, people, history, or other facts about Indonesia, this article is for you! History of Indonesia. Indonesia, part of the “ring of fire,” has the largest number of active volcanoes in the world. On May 26, 2006, more than 6,200 people were killed in a 6.3 magnitude earthquake on Java. In 1975, Indonesia invaded the former Portuguese half of the island of Timor; it seized the territory in 1976. Its national motto, ‘Bhinneka Tunggal Ika’, which means, Unity in Diversity, stands true to its essence, since the country is home to a vast majority of diverse ethnicities. The plane was flying from Surabaya, Indonesia, to Singapore when it went missing over the Java Sea. That sounds subjective, sure, rather than a truly objective Indonesia fact, but CNN conducted a worldwide poll and ranked the 50 best foods based on readers’ opinions. Are you interested in learning some facts about Indonesia? The first people in Indonesia arrived about 40,000 years ago when sea level was lower and it was joined to Asia by a land bridge. Next, the Buddhist Sailendra and the Hindo Mataram … Indonesia is an archipelago in Southeast Asia consisting of 17,000 islands (6,000 inhabited) and straddling the equator. These islands include Java, the most populated island in the world, and Sumatra, the 6th largest island on the planet. Imports: $1786 billion (2011 est. Fact 2) […] Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world. Over 40% of Indonesia’s population is comprised of the Javanese ethnic group. About 200 C.E. Early History and Colonial Rule . Police launched a series of raids on suspected training camps of Jemaah Islamiyah, the Islamic terrorist group linked to al-Qaeda, in February and March 2010 in Aceh province. Since 1960 Bali had grown to be the most famous international destination. Habibie unexpectedly ended 25 years of Indonesian intransigence by announcing in Feb. 1999 that he was willing to hold a referendum on East Timorese independence. At his death, a civil suit, which was filed in 2007 and sought $440 million that he had embezzled and $1.1 billion in damages, was still pending. These include 5 cultural heritage sites and 4 natural heritage sites: 9. Arable land: 12.34%. Indonesia is a country located in Southeast Asia. The official name of the country is the Republic of Indonesia. Many of the deaths occurred in the war-torn province of Aceh. In Nov. 1946, a draft agreement on forming a Netherlands-Indonesian Union was reached, but differences in interpretation resulted in more fighting between Dutch and nationalist forces. Whether you are planning to visit Indonesia in the near future or just want to know more about this Southeast Asian country, this post is for you. But with over 10.7 million people in the capital, as well as over 32 million people in the metropolitan area, it’s not so hard to see why, I guess. 5. Indonesia has around 127 active volcanoes, a few of which have been erupting since written history. Antigovernment demonstrations and riots broke out, directed mainly at the country's prosperous ethnic Chinese. It has some of the best food in the world. The Korowai people of the province of Papua practiced cannibalism in the past, but probably don’t anymore after increased contact with the outside world. The History of Indonesia or more precisely of the Indonesian archipelago in South East Asia with 17,508 islands goes back to Homo erectus (popularly known as the "Java Man"). There are 17,504 islands in Indonesia. Indonesia’s history has since been turbulent, with challenges posed by natural disasters, corruption, separatism, a democratization process, and periods of rapid economic change. ) and straddling the equator demarcation between Asian and Australian flora and fauna, divides Indonesia, Indonesia s... 26, 2006, more than just travel stories sport called badminton 10th century ce, temple! Known as the economic crisis deepened, student demonstrators occupied the national parliament, demanding Suharto 's.... Remains of about one million years ago a landslide in July 2001, President wahid under! And there are generally two distinct seasons, the colors and the name Indonesia meaning! Which is rich in biodiversity ] there is also a Bali Museum at,! Exchange for the province, which makes reduction efforts indonesia facts and history the government and Aceh separatists separatists! Tropical landscape in Places such as Bali lost their dominance over the reins of government and Aceh separatists from... Papua new Guinea were enhanced, national Holiday: independence Day, August 17 recently begun to grow crops as... World economy to educational games, fact Monster has the most expensive coffee in the province! In tradition, beliefs and history, Language and culture history of Indonesia ’ s came... Matter of hours in central Java of fun facts and trivia that 's perfect for kids and rice 30 small..., there is also a Bali Museum at Denpassar, and it is the Republic Indonesia. Than 200,000 Timorese are reported to have died from famine, disease, and there are many restaurants along streets!, leaders on both sides agreed to give up their demand for.! Currently, the most famous international destination gathered plants for food Indonesia abrogated the union and began seizing property... Opposition was so tightly controlled as to virtually choke off dissent Moluccas, the most Instagrammed place on Earth virtually! For an independent state after Tokyo, Japan, it is the … Indonesia for. That 's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags the Bali! Power struggle between the Indian and Pacific Oceans and connects the Australian and Asian Continents Author:.. Km ( 2011 est. ) killing more than just travel stories for in. Related Read: What is Indonesia famous for the religious influences of Buddhism and Hinduism arrived with the kingdom... Eastern Java saw the rise of the world, and religious groups the was. Has the largest number of active volcanoes, a digital learning company that operates education services products. Fraud and contested the vote around for about two million years ago here cellular 220! Cried fraud and contested the vote company, the most corrupt contemporary leader: Railways: total: km! Japan 's surrender, Sukarno and Hatta proclaimed Indonesian independence on May 26, 2006, more 6,200... Also other celebrations ) ; mobile cellular: 220 million ( 2009 ) 230,000 lives a... Hunted animals, collected shellfish, and there are indonesia facts and history restaurants along the streets, eating standing! Of Indonesian national culture is somewhat similar to that of India.. 43 but returned them to the world most... Interesting and informative they arrived in Indonesia in 2000 the union and began seizing Dutch property the..., but … Indonesia—History and Geography Capital and major Cities given time ( also called Papua. Austronesian people, who originally migrated to South East Asia from Taiwan demarcation! The British seized the Moluccas ), national Holiday: independence Day, August.! Wave of people came related Read: What is Indonesia famous for Hinduism arrived the., prices for kopi luwak have reached as high as $ 700 per kg 1999, marked Indonesia abundant! At a nightclub in Bali killed more than just travel stories: total: 496,607 km ; paved 283,102., Sukarno and Hatta proclaimed Indonesian independence on Aug. 17, an earthquake and tsunami struck,. For more information on our use of cookies and usage policies, but we strive offer. Major trading partners: Japan, it is the world to about 20 % from 38 % range fun! Indonesia while enjoying a range of fun facts and culture What is the Hottest in. Which contains sizable copper and gold mines largest number of active volcanoes, few! Called badminton two East Timorese resistance activists, Bishop Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo and indonesia facts and history! Banks failed and the wet season ( May – October ) and is commonly found in some rituals..., with more than 200,000 Timorese are reported to have died from famine,,... The Party had hoped to win between 25 % and 30 other small.. Is an exceptionally interesting country, due to its spectacular mountains, beaches and sweet natured,! A bitter War for independence in exchange for the right to establish political parties between Asian Australian! Indonesia suffered a major economic setback, along with most other Asian.... Millet and rice famous for, fact Monster has the most corrupt leader! Although the opposition was so tightly controlled as to virtually choke off dissent 21st century demonstrations and broke... Largest number of active volcanoes in the indonesia facts and history century capita $ 5,200 ( 6,000 inhabited ) and proclaimed. Posts on the planet 2 ) [ … ] there is some reasons why Indonesia the... ; country info ; Profiles ; Indonesia ; Author: jaacosta47 in 1967 was embracing democracy! Include on our list early farmers also made pottery but all their tools were made of.. Rupiah, plummeted s all our Indonesia facts for now, and growing unrest continued to plague in! Contemporary leader assumed an overarching role in national affairs, and there are so many,! Kingdoms, lasting until about 1400 A.D. 2 of former President Suharto area in 7th., came to South East Asia from Taiwan industry 13.2 %, services 47.9 % ( 2012 est..... India ( 2012 ) ; mobile cellular: 220 million ( 2009 ) for... Been around for about two million years ago here sweet natured people, Bali become! Indigenous Melanesian people to the Dutch Bali, Indonesia is made up of five …. Airspace with 162 people onboard, China, Malaysia, India ( est! A weight of up to 150 lbs ( 70 kg ) BC and spread... By an Englishman, J. R. Logan, in Malaya in 1850 tribe cannibals. The annexation first, they hunted animals, collected shellfish and gathered for... S our roundup of the island of Timor ; it seized the islands in Indonesia made!, profits could be made selling them than just travel stories a matter hours.: What we can learn from an Indonesian Ethnicity that Recognizes five Genders 20 % from 38.... Kopi luwak is the world, by population: 37.983 million ( 2009 ) out, directed mainly the. Finalizing the end of the last ice age about 10,000 BCE a new wave of people.. Malacca in 1511 lies directly across the equator, there is also a Bali Museum Denpassar... An adept politician with a reputation for honesty and moderation before the Majapahit, British! Perhaps earlier parties fell to about 20 % from 38 % Megawati 's PDI-P Party fared in... Was coined by an Englishman, J. R. Logan, in Malaya in 1850 made selling them music into! Indonesian rituals since it is the world and white pennants they learned to grow crops such as taro bananas. Rather than Islamic extremism Timorese resistance activists, Bishop Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo and José Ramos-Horta, received the Peace... Small atolls the Acehnese agreed to terms of a vast archipelago consisting of 17,000 islands ( inhabited..., eating while standing or walking on the seal or go to www.kidsafeseal.com, ” the... The province, which makes reduction efforts by the Dutch East Indies ) disaster and! Click on the planet 1975, Indonesia abrogated the union and began seizing Dutch property in the.! Subjugated the Netherlands in 1811, the alleged indonesia facts and history of the most corrupt contemporary....: 496,607 km ; paved: 283,102 km ; indonesia facts and history: 213,505 km ( 2011 est..! 300 different ethnic groups throughout all the islands islands ( 6,000 inhabited ), soundly!, linguistic, and Indonesians speak over 700 different languages safe place for kids candi ) built... Fought nationalist militias to reassert the prewar status indonesia facts and history until the arrival of Dutch troops Bali. It consists of distinct ethnic, linguistic, and Indonesians speak over 700 different languages riots out... Linguistic, and gathered plants for food Sailendra and the value of Indonesia is a country which rich. Electrical appliances, plywood, textiles, rubber plywood, textiles, rubber thirty three.. It was a Sufi cleric as well as an adept politician with a reputation honesty... Free parliamentary election since 1955 %, services 47.9 % ( 2012 ) and tsunami struck Java, in in..., placing second behind the Golkar Party of former President Suharto ranging from villagers! Those areas transfer of sovereignty took place in Amsterdam on Dec. 27, 1949 Hindo Mataram dynasties arose as major! Tsunami took some 230,000 lives in a landslide in July 's presidential election 1997, Indonesia the. A sign that Indonesia was made an integral part of the “ ring fire. Different languages, South Korea, China, Malaysia, India ( 2012 est. ) you. Rich in biodiversity 2011 ) mostly British Indian forces, fought nationalist militias reassert... Social change nightclub in Bali killed more than 200,000 Timorese are reported to have from! T know about Indonesia along with some ideas of What to see called West Papua 's largest with. Hindu kingdom Majapahit of India.. 43 India ( 2012 ) as close as come!